When we stop “treating” degeneration?

This is a second post about an excellent Invited Paper in the International Orthopaedics. Authors begin their paper as follows: The specialism of orthopaedic surgery covers many subdisciplines. Most of these deal with degenerative changes occurring as a result of the normal aging process. Some will follow trauma or are as a result of congenital […]

Conceptual replication and elbow osteoarthritis

Van Berkel and Crandal define conceptual replication as follows: Conceptual replication means that researchers re-test the same theoretical idea or hypothesis repeatedly, but use different populations, different ways of manipulating variables, different ways of measuring variables, or using different study designs. Surgical treatment of joint degeneration is an excellent topic in orthopedics where conceptual replication applies […]